ZX Spectrum

YEAR: 1982

INITIAL PRICE: £175, £566 in 2020


The ZX Spectrum (UK: /zɛd ɛks ˈspɛktrəm/) is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research. It was manufactured in Dundee, Scotland, in the now closed Timex factory.

ZX Spectrum


      1982 ZX Spectrum
Developer Sinclair Research
Manufacturer Timex Corporation
Type Home computer
Generation 8-bit
Release date United Kingdom: 23 April 1982; 35 years ago
Retail availability 1982–1992
Discontinued 1992
Units sold 5 million (not including clones)
Media Cassette tape3-inch floppy disk on Spectrum +3
Operating system Sinclair BASIC
CPU Z80 @ 3.5 MHz and equivalent
Memory 16 KB / 48 KB / 128 KB
Predecessor ZX81
Successor QL

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